Commentary

WHAT TO DO IN THE GARDEN IN APRIL

https://www.dirtdoctor.com/garden/April-Organic-Maintenance_vq2270.htm

APRIL

Plant*:

  • Trees, shrubs, ground covers, vines, and perennials.
  • Warm season turf grass from plugs, solid sod, sprigs, or seed.
  • Roses and other perennials.
  • Fruit and pecan trees.
  • Warm-season flowers including: (for sun) ageratum, columbine, copper leaf, cosmos, daisies, esperanza, firecracker fern, four nerve daisy, hummingbird bush, iris, nasturtium, penstemon, periwinkles, cosmos, portulaca, begonias, marigolds, zinnias, lantana; (for shade) caladiums, coleus, impatiens, bego- nias, nicotiana, hibiscus, pentas, firebush and purple fountaingrass.
  • Summer herbs continue to plant in beds, pots and hanging baskets.
  • Warm-season vegetables, including melons, okra, southern peas, corn, squash, sweet potatoes, beans, cucumbers, eggplant and tomatoes.


Fertilize:

  • Summer-flowering shrubs and roses if not already done.
  • Spray all plant foliage with aerated compost tea or Garrett Juice. Add garlic tea if minor insect or disease problems exist. Add fish hydrolysate for more power.
  • Apply Garrett Juice to the soil as a root stimulator monthly to newly planted trees and shrubs.
  • Treat chlorotic plants with greensand or the entire Sick Tree Treatment.
  • New plantings with mycorrhizal fungi products.


Prune:

  • Spring-blooming vines and shrubs such as azaleas, spire, flowering quince and forsythia immediately after bloom.
  • Mums, fall asters, Mexican bush sage, and other fall blooming perennials.
  • Pick-prune hedges (or light shearing if you must) to be wider at the bottom of the plant for better light and thicker growth.
  • Spent blooms from roses unless you are growing them for the hips.
  • Thin peach fruit to five inches apart, plums to four inches apart, apples and pears to one per cluster.


Water:

  • All planting areas deeply, but infrequently, during dry periods.
  • Potted plants as needed. Add Garrett Juice or aerated compost tea for fertilizer value. For additional benefit, add mycorrhizal fungi products for faster results.


Pest Control:

  • INSECTS: Release green lacewings for control of thrips in roses, gladiolas, other flowers. Apply beneficial nematodes to the soil.
  • Snails, slugs, pillbugs: spray garlic-pepper tea or dust around plants with cedar flakes, hot pepper and natural diatomaceous earth in dry weather. Mulch plants with pine needles or lava gravel. Spray plant oil products if necessary.
  • Release trichogramma wasps for pecan casebearers and other caterpillar pests.
  • Ticks, fleas and chiggers: natural diatomaceous earths when weather is dry and apply beneficial nematodes anytime. Spray plant oil products if necessary.
  • Treat peaches and plums and other fruit with the Organic Fruit and Pecan Tree Program.
  • Aphids: Spray a water blast followed by release of ladybugs. Add one to two ounces of molasses for better results.
  • Fire ants with beneficial nematodes. Treat mounds with Spinosad or drench with a mound drench mixture of orange oil, molasses, and compost tea.
  • DISEASES: Black spot on roses: Garrett Juice plus garlic tea. See Rose Program also molasses/orange oil drench. Plant Wash is an effective commercial product. Spray susceptible plants on a regular basis.
  • Remove the plant stress that brought the pests on in the first place or they will be back.
  • Treat ball moss if it bothers you with ¼ cup of baking soda or potassium bicarbonate per gallon of water. Ball moss actually doesn’t hurt trees.
  • Treat mistletoe infestations with the entire Sick Tree Treatment.


Odd Jobs:

  • Mow weekly and leave clippings on the lawn.
  • Turn compost pile.
  • Continue to add new vegetative matter and manure to existing and additional compost piles.
  • Mulch all bare soil.
  • Feed and water the birds

GROWING IRISH POTATOES

POT2

Irish potatoes are one of America’s most popular vegetables—the average American eats about 125 pounds of potatoes and potato products each year.

The edible part of the plant is an underground stem called a tuber (not a root). Irish potatoes contain 2 percent protein and 18 percent starch. They are an inexpensive source of carbohydrates and, when prepared properly, provide good amounts of vitamins and minerals.

Irish potatoes are a cool-season crop; they grow best in early spring and late fall when the days are warm and the nights are cool. However, the tops of the plant cannot withstand frost.

Read more about growing potatoes here: GROWING IRISH POTATOES

PLANTING CALENDAR FOR DALLAS, TX

These planting dates are courtsey of:  https://www.almanac.com/gardening/planting-calendar/TX/Dallas  Click the link for more information regarding planting in Dallas, TX.

PLANTING DATES FOR SPRING

On average, your last spring frost occurs on March 12 (at DALLAS LOVE FLD, TX climate station).
Crop Based on Frost Dates    Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
Basil  Jan 15-29
 Jan 15-28
 Mar 12-Apr 2
 Mar 13-28
N/A
Beets N/A N/A  Feb 26-Mar 19
 Feb 28-Mar 12
Bell Peppers  Jan 1-15
 Jan 13-15
 Mar 19-Apr 2
 Mar 19-28
N/A
Broccoli  Jan 15-29
 Jan 15-28
 Feb 12-Mar 5
 Feb 12-27
N/A
Brussels Sprouts  Jan 15-29
 Jan 15-28
 Feb 12-26
 Feb 12-26
N/A
Cabbage  Jan 15-29
 Jan 15-28
 Feb 12-26
 Feb 12-26
N/A
Cantaloupes  Feb 12-19
 Feb 12-19
 Mar 26-Apr 9
 Mar 26-28
N/A
Carrots N/A N/A  Feb 5-19
 Feb 5-10
Cauliflower  Jan 15-29
 Jan 15-28
 Feb 12-Mar 5
 Feb 12-27
N/A
Celery  Jan 1-15
 Jan 13-15
 Mar 19-Apr 2
 Mar 19-28
N/A
Chives N/A N/A  Feb 12-19
 Feb 12-19
Cilantro (Coriander) N/A N/A  Mar 12-26
 Mar 13-26
Corn N/A N/A  Mar 12-26
 Mar 13-26
Cucumbers  Feb 12-19
 Feb 12-19
 Mar 26-Apr 9
 Mar 26-28
N/A
Dill N/A N/A  Feb 5-19
 Feb 11-19
Eggplants  Jan 1-15
 Jan 13-15
 Mar 26-Apr 9
 Mar 26-28
N/A
Green Beans N/A N/A  Mar 19-Apr 9
 Mar 19-28
Kale  Jan 15-29
 Jan 15-28
 Feb 12-Mar 5
 Feb 12-27
N/A
Lettuce  Jan 29-Feb 12
 Feb 11-12
 Feb 26-Mar 26
 Feb 26-27, Mar 13-26
N/A
Okra N/A N/A  Mar 26-Apr 9
 Mar 26-28
Onions N/A N/A  Feb 12-Mar 5
 Feb 28-Mar 5
Oregano  Jan 1-29
 Jan 13-28
 Mar 12-Apr 2
 Mar 13-28
N/A
Parsley N/A N/A  Feb 12-26
 Feb 12-26
Parsnips N/A N/A  Feb 19-Mar 12
 Feb 28-Mar 12
Peas N/A N/A  Jan 29-Feb 19
 Feb 11-19
Potatoes N/A N/A  Mar 5-26
 Mar 5-12
Pumpkins  Feb 19-Mar 5
 Feb 19-27
 Mar 26-Apr 9
 Mar 26-28
N/A
Radishes N/A N/A  Jan 15-Feb 5
 Jan 29-Feb 5
Rosemary  Jan 1-15
 Jan 13-15
 Mar 19-Apr 9
 Mar 19-28
N/A
Sage  Jan 15-29
 Jan 15-28
 Mar 12-26
 Mar 13-26
N/A
Spinach N/A N/A  Jan 29-Feb 19
 Feb 11-19
Summer Squash (Zucchini)  Feb 12-26
 Feb 12-26
 Mar 26-Apr 9
 Mar 26-28
N/A
Sweet Potatoes  Feb 12-19  Mar 26-Apr 9
 Mar 29-Apr 9
N/A
Swiss Chard  Jan 29-Feb 12
 Feb 11-12
 Feb 19-26
 Feb 19-26
N/A
Thyme  Jan 1-29
 Jan 13-28
 Mar 12-Apr 2
 Mar 13-28
N/A
Tomatoes  Jan 15-29
 Jan 15-28
 Mar 19-Apr 9
 Mar 19-28
N/A
Turnips N/A N/A  Feb 12-Mar 5
 Feb 28-Mar 5
Watermelons  Feb 12-19
 Feb 12-19
 Mar 26-Apr 9
 Mar 26-28
N/A

PLANTING DATES FOR FALL

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 22 (at DALLAS LOVE FLD, TX climate station).
Crop Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
Beets N/A N/A  Oct 8
Bell Peppers  Jun 9  Aug 4 N/A
Broccoli  Aug 11  Sep 8 N/A
Brussels Sprouts  Aug 1  Aug 29 N/A
Cabbage  Aug 1  Aug 29 N/A
Cantaloupes N/A N/A  Jul 25
Carrots N/A N/A  Oct 3
Cauliflower  Aug 11  Sep 8 N/A
Celery  May 31  Aug 9 N/A
Corn N/A N/A  Aug 14
Cucumbers N/A N/A  Aug 19
Eggplants  Jun 9  Aug 4 N/A
Green Beans N/A N/A  Aug 19
Kale  Aug 31  Sep 28 N/A
Lettuce N/A N/A  Oct 13
Okra N/A N/A  Aug 14
Parsnips N/A N/A  Aug 19
Peas N/A N/A  Sep 18
Potatoes N/A N/A  Sep 8
Pumpkins N/A N/A  Jul 5
Radishes N/A N/A  Oct 18
Spinach N/A N/A  Oct 28
Summer Squash (Zucchini) N/A N/A  Aug 24
Swiss Chard N/A N/A  Oct 13
Tomatoes  Jun 14  Aug 9 N/A
Turnips N/A N/A  Oct 13
Watermelons N/A N/A  Jul 25